Reach Us +441474556909
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Abstract

Background Music Used to Reduce Anxiety in Infants during an Ear Examination

Objective: To evaluate the impact of music on the level of anxiety in infants between 0-3 years during an ear examination.
Study design: A randomized controlled trial between May 2012 and June 2013 at the Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. The study included 97 infants aged 0 to 3 years who were referred to the ear nose and throat (ENT) clinic.
Infants in the interventional group listened to music during a standard ear examination, while infants in the non-interventional group did not. Following the examination, the investigator filled out a FLACC (Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability) scale questionnaire aimed at assessing the anxiety level of the infant during the examination.
Results: The anxiety levels in the interventional group were statistically significantly lower than those in the non-interventional group. According to the FLACC values a statistically significant correlation was found between listening to music during the ear examination and low levels of anxiety in the girls sub-group (p<0.001); in the sub-group of infants aged 1-2 years only (p<0.001); and only in the group of children whose parents have attained higher education.
Conclusions: Music was shown to reduce levels of anxiety in infants aged 0-3 years during an ear examination by an ENT physician. The sub-groups in which music was most effective were girls, infants aged 1-2 years, Hebrew speaking families and parents with a higher education. No correlation was found between the parental and child anxiety.


Author(s):

Miki Paker MD, Salim Mazzawi MD and Ariel Koren MD



Abstract | Full-Text | PDF

Share this  Facebook  Twitter  LinkedIn  Google+
Flyer image

Abstracted/Indexed in

  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • WorldCat